Package treeconfigparser

Custom configuration parser based on a tree.

This package provides the TreeConfigParser class, which can be used to parse configuration files. The options are organised using a hierarchy of sections and can be accessed using the TreeConfigParser.get() method.

Main Usage

A configuration file can be read and parsed as follows:

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.read_file(file_name)

Equivalently, one can use the fromfile() function as follows:

>>> config = fromfile(file_name)

Supported Formats

Currently, two formats are supported for configuration files: the 'py' format and the 'cpp' format. The following option hierarchy:

section1
    |
    - option1 = val1
    |
    - subsection11
    |   |
    |   - option2 = val2
    |
    - subsection12
    |   |
    |   - option3 = val3

can be constructed with this file under the 'py' format:

[section1]
    option1 = val1
    [subsection11]
        option2 = val2
    [subsection12]
        option3 = val3

and with this file under the 'cpp' format:

section1.option1 = val1
section1.subsection11.option2 = val2
section1.subsection12.option3 = val3

Comments can be included in the configuration file using a dedicated character (usually '#'). Everything which is on the right of this comment character is ignored by the parser.

The parser supports cross-references in the file. For example, the following ('py'-formatted) file:

[section1]
    option1 = a
    option2 = %section1.option1%b

is translated into the following option hierarchy:

section1
    |
    - option1 = a
    |
    - option2 = ab

as long as the cross-reference character is set to '%'.

Access To Options

Once the file has been parsed, the options can be accessed using the section and option names. For example, if the option hierarchy is

section1
    |
    - option1 = 1
    |
    - subsection11
    |   |
    |   - option2 = 2
    |
    - subsection12
    |   |
    |   - option3 = 3

then individual options can be accessed as follows:

>>> config.get(['section1', 'option1'])
'1'
>>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option2'])
'2'
>>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection12', 'option3'])
'3'

Optionnaly, an option can be converted to a different type using the string_conversion() function:

>>> config.get(['section1', 'option1'], to_type='int')
1

Programmatic Usage

Alternatively, options can be added to a configuration using the TreeConfigParser.set() method. For example, the following option hierarchy:

section1
    |
    - option1 = 1
    |
    - subsection11
    |   |
    |   - option2 = 2
    |
    - subsection12
    |   |
    |   - option3 = 3

can be constructed as follows:

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], 
...            value='1', update_tree=True)
>>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option2'],
...            value='2', update_tree=True)
>>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection12', 'option3'],
...            value='3', update_tree=True)

Many more manipulations are possible using the TreeConfigParser methods. Finally, the configuration can be written to a file using the TreeConfigParser.tofile() method.

Expand source code
"""Custom configuration parser based on a tree.

.. include:: ./documentation.md
"""

from collections import OrderedDict
from logging import DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, CRITICAL
from datetime import datetime

from path import Path
import numpy as np


class TreeConfigParser:
    """Configuration parser class.

    Attributes
    ----------
    tree : OrderedDict
        The tree of options. Each element is either a
        `TreeConfigParser` instance (for a subsection)
        or directly a string (for an option).
    """
    def __init__(self):
        self.tree = OrderedDict()

    def get(self, keylist, **kwargs):
        """Returns the option value.

        Uses the `string_conversion` function to convert the
        value to any type.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option.
        **kwargs : dict
            Keyword arguments passed to the `string_conversion`
            function.

        Returns
        -------
        value
            The option value, with the requested type.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
        ...            value='1', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'])
        '1'
        >>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
        ...            to_type='int')
        1
        """
        key = keylist[0]
        if len(keylist) > 1:
            return self.tree[key].get(keylist[1:], **kwargs)
        return string_conversion(self.tree[key], **kwargs)

    def set(self, keylist, value='', update_tree=False):
        """Sets an option value.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option.
        value : str, optional
            The new value for the option.
        update_tree : bool, optional
            If *True*, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

        Notes
        -----
        This method can only create new options. New sections can
        be created if they are necessary for a new option, but empty
        (sub)sections cannot be created.
        """
        key = keylist[0]
        if len(keylist) > 1:
            if update_tree and key not in self.tree:
                self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
            self.tree[key].set(keylist[1:], value, update_tree)
        else:
            self.tree[key] = value

    def options(self, keylist=None):
        """Returns the list of options.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the section for
            which we list the options (default: root).

        Returns
        -------
        option_list : odict_keys
            The list of options and subsections for the section.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
        ...            value='2', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
        ...            value='3', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option2', 'subsection11'])
        """
        if keylist:
            return self.tree[keylist[0]].options(keylist[1:])
        return self.tree.keys()

    def remove_option(self, keylist):
        """Removes an option.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option or
            subsection to remove.

        Notes
        -----
        After this option is removed, the parent section may
        be empty, but it is not removed.
        """
        key = keylist[0]
        if len(keylist) > 1:
            self.tree[key].remove_option(keylist[1:])
        else:
            del self.tree[key]

    def suboptions(self):
        """Returns the list of all (sub)options as keylists.

        Returns
        -------
        keylistlist : list of list of str
            The list of all available keylists.
            Each keylist identifies one option.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
        ...            value='2', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
        ...            value='3', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.suboptions()
        [['option1'], ['section1', 'option2'], \
['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3']]
        """
        keylistlist = []
        for key in self.tree:
            if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                for subkeylist in self.tree[key].suboptions():
                    keylistlist.append([key] + subkeylist)
            else:
                keylistlist.append([key])
        return keylistlist

    def merge(self, config, keylist=None, update_tree=False):
        """Merges an other configuration.

        The other configuration's options are inserted in
        the current tree, in a given section.

        Parameters
        ----------
        config : TreeConfigParser instance
            The other configuration.
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the section
            in which the other configuration should be
            merged (default: root).
        update_tree : bool, optional
            If *True*, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

        Notes
        -----
        Ensure that the section names of both configuration
        instances are compatible before merging. In case of
        conflict, the updated values are those of *config*.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'], value='2',
        ...            update_tree=True)
        >>> other = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> other.set(['option2'], value='3')
        >>> other.set(['option3'], value='3')
        >>> config.merge(other, keylist=['section1'])
        >>> config.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option2', 'option3'])
        >>> config.get(['section1', 'option2'])
        '3'
        """
        if keylist:
            key = keylist[0]
            if update_tree and key not in self.tree:
                self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
            self.tree[key].merge(config, keylist[1:], update_tree)
        else:
            for key in config.tree:
                if (key in self.tree
                        and isinstance(config.tree[key], TreeConfigParser)
                        and isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser)):
                    self.tree[key].merge(config.tree[key],
                                         update_tree=update_tree)
                elif isinstance(config.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
                    self.tree[key].merge(config.tree[key],
                                         update_tree=update_tree)
                else:
                    self.tree[key] = config.tree[key]

    def substitution(self, old_string, new_string, keylist=None):
        """Performs a string substitution.

        Replaces *old_string* by *new_string*. If *keylist*
        identifies an option, the substitution is applied
        only to that option. If *keylist* identifies a
        section, the substitution is applied to all
        options and subsections in that section.

        Uses the `str.replace` method.

        Parameters
        ----------
        old_string : str
            The old `str` pattern.
        new_string : str
            The new `str` pattern.
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option
            or the section in which the substitution is applied
            (default: root).
        """
        if keylist:
            self.tree[keylist[0]].substitution(old_string, new_string,
                                               keylist[1:])
        else:
            for key in self.tree:
                if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    self.tree[key].substitution(old_string, new_string)
                else:
                    self.tree[key] = self.tree[key].replace(
                        old_string, new_string)

    def clone(self, keylist=None):
        """Return a copy of the (sub)configuration.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration
            to copy (default: root).

        Returns
        -------
        copy : TreeConfigParser instance
            The copy of the (sub)configuration.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
        ...            update_tree=True)
        >>> other = config.clone(keylist=['section1'])
        >>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
        >>> other.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option1'])
        """
        if keylist:
            return self.tree[keylist[0]].clone(keylist[1:])
        clone_cfg = TreeConfigParser()
        for key in self.tree:
            if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                clone_cfg.tree[key] = self.tree[key].clone()
            else:
                clone_cfg.tree[key] = self.tree[key]
        return clone_cfg

    def subconfig(self, keylist=None):
        """Return a reference to the (sub)configuration.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration
            to reference (default: root).

        Returns
        -------
        copy : TreeConfigParser instance
            The reference to the (sub)configuration.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
        ...            update_tree=True)
        >>> other = config.subconfig(keylist=['section1'])
        >>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
        >>> other.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
        """
        if keylist:
            return self.tree[keylist[0]].subconfig(keylist[1:])
        return self

    # pylint: disable=too-many-arguments,too-many-locals,too-many-statements
    def read_file(self,
                  file_name,
                  convention='py',
                  comment_char='#',
                  reference_char='%',
                  indentation=4):
        """Reads and parses *file_name*.

        This is the main method of the class.
        The options are inserted in the current tree.

        Parameters
        ----------
        file_name : str
            The name of the file to parse.
        convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
            The format of the file.
        comment_char : str, optional
            The character used to delimit comments in the file.
        reference_char : str, optional
            The character used to delimit cross-references
            in the file.
        indentation : int, optional
            The indentation used to add suboptions or
            subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.

        Raises
        ------
        CrossReferenceError
            If the cross-references cannot be solved.
        """
        def is_tree_node(line):
            line = line.strip()
            return len(line) > 2 and line[0] == '[' and line[-1] == ']'

        def update_keylist(keylist, depth, indentation):
            if depth % indentation:
                raise IndentationError(line)
            depth = depth // indentation
            if depth > len(keylist):
                raise IndentationError(line)
            return keylist[:depth]

        def extract_tree_node(keylist, line, indentation):
            key = line.strip()[1:-1]
            keylist = update_keylist(keylist, line.find(key) - 1, indentation)
            return keylist + [key]

        def extract_tree_leaf_py(keylist, line, indentation):
            if '=' in line:
                split = line.split('=', 1)
                key = split[0].strip()
                value = split[1].strip()
            else:
                key = line.strip()
                value = ''
            keylist = update_keylist(keylist, line.find(key), indentation)
            self.set(keylist + [key], value, update_tree=True)
            return keylist

        def extract_tree_leaf_cpp(line):
            if '=' in line:
                split = line.split('=', 1)
                key = split[0].strip()
                value = split[1].strip()
            else:
                key = line.strip()
                value = ''
            keylist = key.split('.')
            self.set(keylist, value, update_tree=True)

        def read_line_py(line, keylist, comment_char, indentation):
            line = line.split(comment_char)[0]
            if not line or line.isspace():
                return keylist
            if is_tree_node(line):
                return extract_tree_node(keylist, line, indentation)
            return extract_tree_leaf_py(keylist, line, indentation)

        def read_line_cpp(line, comment_char):
            line = line.split(comment_char)[0].strip()
            if line and not line.isspace():
                extract_tree_leaf_cpp(line)

        def has_reference(value, reference_char):
            return len(value) > 2 and reference_char in value

        def extract_references(value, reference_char):
            return [
                ref for (i, ref) in enumerate(value.split(reference_char))
                if ref and i % 2
            ]

        def solve_references_string(value, max_rec, reference_char):
            if not has_reference(value, reference_char):
                return value
            if max_rec == 0:
                raise CrossReferenceError
            reflist = extract_references(value, reference_char)
            for ref in reflist:
                keylist = ref.split('.')
                subvalue = solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec - 1,
                                                    reference_char)
                value = value.replace(reference_char + ref + reference_char,
                                      subvalue)
            return value

        def solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec, reference_char):
            value = self.get(keylist)
            value = solve_references_string(value, max_rec, reference_char)
            self.set(keylist, value, update_tree=False)
            return value

        # read and parse file content
        lines = Path(file_name).lines(retain=False)
        if convention == 'py':
            keylist = []
            for line in lines:
                keylist = read_line_py(line, keylist, comment_char,
                                       indentation)
        elif convention == 'cpp':
            for line in lines:
                read_line_cpp(line, comment_char)

        # solve references
        keylistlist = self.suboptions()
        max_rec = len(keylistlist) - 1
        for keylist in keylistlist:
            solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec, reference_char)

    def tofile(self, file_name, convention='py', indentation=4):
        """Writes the configuration options to a file.

        Once written, the file can be read and parsed by an other
        `TreeConfigParser` instance.

        Parameters
        ----------
        file_name : str
            The name of the file to write.
        convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
            The format of the file.
        indentation : int, optional
            The indentation used to add suboptions or
            subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.
        """
        def write_tree_node_line_py(depth, indentation, key):
            return [' ' * depth * indentation + f'[{key}]']

        def write_tree_leaf_line_py(depth, indentation, key, value):
            return [' ' * depth * indentation + f'{key} = {value}']

        def write_tree_leaf_line_cpp(keylist, value):
            return ['.'.join(keylist) + f' = {value}']

        def write_tree_py(tree, depth, indentation):
            lines = []
            for key in tree:
                if isinstance(tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_node_line_py(depth, indentation, key))
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_py(tree[key].tree, depth + 1, indentation))
                else:
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_leaf_line_py(depth, indentation, key,
                                                tree[key]))
            return lines

        def write_tree_cpp(tree, keylist):
            lines = []
            for key in tree:
                if isinstance(tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_cpp(tree[key].tree, keylist + [key]))
                else:
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_leaf_line_cpp(keylist + [key], tree[key]))
            return lines

        # write lines
        if convention == 'py':
            lines = write_tree_py(self.tree, 0, indentation)
        elif convention == 'cpp':
            lines = write_tree_cpp(self.tree, [])
        Path(file_name).write_lines(lines)


class CrossReferenceError(Exception):
    """Exception class for cross-reference errors in config files."""


def string_conversion(value, to_type='string', **kwargs):
    """Converts a string to the given type.

    Parameters
    ----------
    value : string
        The string to convert.
    to_type : {'string', 'path', 'bool', 'int', 'float', 'stringlist', \
'log_level', 'np_fromfile', 'datetime'}, optional
        The conversion to use.
    **kwargs : dict
        Keyword arguments passed to the conversion function.
        See the details below.

    Other parameters
    ----------------
    use_eval : bool, optional
        For the **string to int** and **string to float** conversions:
        enables the use of the `eval` function (default: *False*).
    sep : str, optional
        For the **string to stringlist** conversion:
        delimiter for the `split` function (default: *None*).
    maxsplit : int, optional
        For the **string to stringlist** conversion:
        maximum number of splits for the `split` function (default: -1).
    dtype : data-type, optional
        For the **string to np_fromfile** conversion:
        data type of the returned array (default `float`).
    count : int, optional
        For the **string to np_fromfile** conversion:
        number of items to read (default -1).
    offset : int, optional
        For the **string to np_fromfile** conversion:
        the offset (in bytes) from the file's current position (default 0).
    convention : str, optional
        For the **string to datetime** conversion:
        format used in the `datetime.strptime` function
        (default: '%Y-%m-%d').
        Special cases are created for 'polyphemus_date'
        ('%Y-%m-%d'), 'polyphemus_datetime' ('%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M'),
        and 'ecmwf_datetime' ('%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ').

    Returns
    -------
    converted_value
        The converted string.

    Notes
    -----
    **String to string**: no conversion is performed, directly returns
    *value*.

    **String to path**: converts the value to a `path.Path` instance.

    **String to bool**: converts the value to a boolean.

    - Returns *True* if *value* is 'true', 'yes', 'on', '1'.
    - Returns *False* if *value* is 'false', 'no', 'off', or '0'.
    - Raises a `ValueError` otherwise.

    The comparison is case-insensitive.

    **String to int**: converts the value to an integer. Use the `eval`
    function if *use_eval* is True.

    **String to float**: converts the value to a real. Use the `eval`
    function if *use_eval* is True.

    **String to stringlist**: converts the value to a list of strings
    using the `split` function.

    **String to log_level**: converts the value to a `logging` level.

    - Returns `logging.DEBUG` if value is 'debug'.
    - Returns `logging.INFO` if value is 'info'.
    - Returns `logging.WARNING` if value is 'warning'.
    - Returns `logging.ERROR` if value is 'error'.
    - Returns `logging.CRITICAL` if value is 'critical'.
    - Raises `ValueError` otherwise.

    The comparison is case-insensitive.

    **String to np_fromfile** The value is assumed to be the name of
    a binary file. It is converted to a `numpy.ndarray` using the
    `numpy.fromfile` function.

    **String to datetime**: converts the value to a
    `datetime.datetime` instance using the `datetime.strptime` function.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> string_conversion('abc')
    'abc'
    >>> string_conversion('/usr/bin', to_type='path')
    Path('/usr/bin')
    >>> string_conversion('true', to_type='bool')
    True
    >>> string_conversion('On', to_type='bool')
    True
    >>> string_conversion('0', to_type='bool')
    False
    >>> string_conversion('-10', to_type='int')
    -10
    >>> string_conversion('3/2', to_type='float', use_eval=True)
    1.5
    >>> string_conversion('a   bc def   g hi', to_type='stringlist')
    ['a', 'bc', 'def', 'g', 'hi']
    """
    def string_to_string(value):
        return value

    def string_to_path(value):
        return Path(value)

    def string_to_bool(value):
        if value.lower() in ['true', 'yes', 'on', '1']:
            return True
        if value.lower() in ['false', 'no', 'off', '0']:
            return False
        return ValueError(f'"{value}" cannot be converted to bool')

    def string_to_int(value, use_eval=False):
        return int(eval(value)) if use_eval else int(value)  # pylint: disable=eval-used

    def string_to_float(value, use_eval=False):
        return float(eval(value)) if use_eval else float(value)  # pylint: disable=eval-used

    def string_to_stringlist(value, sep=None, maxsplit=-1):
        return value.split(sep, maxsplit)

    def string_to_log_level(value):
        levels = {
            'debug': DEBUG,
            'info': INFO,
            'warning': WARNING,
            'error': ERROR,
            'critical': CRITICAL
        }
        if value.lower() in levels:
            return levels[value.lower()]
        raise ValueError(f'"{value}" cannot be converted to logging level')

    def string_to_np_fromfile(value, dtype=float, count=-1, offset=0):
        return np.fromfile(value, dtype=dtype, count=count, offset=offset)

    def string_to_datetime(value, convention='%Y-%m-%d'):
        if convention.lower() in ['polyphemus_date']:
            convention = '%Y-%m-%d'
        elif convention.lower() in ['polyphemus_datetime']:
            convention = '%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M'
        elif convention.lower() in ['ecmwf_datetime']:
            convention = '%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ'
        return datetime.strptime(value, convention)

    conversions = {
        'string': string_to_string,
        'path': string_to_path,
        'bool': string_to_bool,
        'int': string_to_int,
        'float': string_to_float,
        'stringlist': string_to_stringlist,
        'log_level': string_to_log_level,
        'np_fromfile': string_to_np_fromfile,
        'datetime': string_to_datetime,
    }

    if to_type in conversions:
        return conversions[to_type](value, **kwargs)
    raise TypeError(f'unkown conversion "string to {to_type}"')


def fromfile(file_name, **kwargs):
    """Reads and parses a configuration file.

    Parameters
    ----------
    file_name : string
        The name of the file to parse.
    **kwargs : dict
        Keyword arguments passed to the `TreeConfigParser.read_file`
        method.

    Returns
    -------
    config : TreeConfigParser
        The configuration.

    Notes
    -----
    This function creates an empty `TreeConfigParser` instance and
    uses the `TreeConfigParser.read_file` method to parse the file.
    """
    config = TreeConfigParser()
    config.read_file(file_name, **kwargs)
    return config

Functions

def fromfile(file_name, **kwargs)

Reads and parses a configuration file.

Parameters

file_name : string
The name of the file to parse.
**kwargs : dict
Keyword arguments passed to the TreeConfigParser.read_file() method.

Returns

config : TreeConfigParser
The configuration.

Notes

This function creates an empty TreeConfigParser instance and uses the TreeConfigParser.read_file() method to parse the file.

Expand source code
def fromfile(file_name, **kwargs):
    """Reads and parses a configuration file.

    Parameters
    ----------
    file_name : string
        The name of the file to parse.
    **kwargs : dict
        Keyword arguments passed to the `TreeConfigParser.read_file`
        method.

    Returns
    -------
    config : TreeConfigParser
        The configuration.

    Notes
    -----
    This function creates an empty `TreeConfigParser` instance and
    uses the `TreeConfigParser.read_file` method to parse the file.
    """
    config = TreeConfigParser()
    config.read_file(file_name, **kwargs)
    return config
def string_conversion(value, to_type='string', **kwargs)

Converts a string to the given type.

Parameters

value : string
The string to convert.
to_type : {'string', 'path', 'bool', 'int', 'float', 'stringlist', 'log_level', 'np_fromfile', 'datetime'}, optional
The conversion to use.
**kwargs : dict
Keyword arguments passed to the conversion function. See the details below.

Other Parameters

use_eval : bool, optional
For the string to int and string to float conversions: enables the use of the eval function (default: False).
sep : str, optional
For the string to stringlist conversion: delimiter for the split function (default: None).
maxsplit : int, optional
For the string to stringlist conversion: maximum number of splits for the split function (default: -1).
dtype : data-type, optional
For the string to np_fromfile conversion: data type of the returned array (default float).
count : int, optional
For the string to np_fromfile conversion: number of items to read (default -1).
offset : int, optional
For the string to np_fromfile conversion: the offset (in bytes) from the file's current position (default 0).
convention : str, optional
For the string to datetime conversion: format used in the datetime.strptime function (default: '%Y-%m-%d'). Special cases are created for 'polyphemus_date' ('%Y-%m-%d'), 'polyphemus_datetime' ('%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M'), and 'ecmwf_datetime' ('%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ').

Returns

converted_value
The converted string.

Notes

String to string: no conversion is performed, directly returns value.

String to path: converts the value to a path.Path instance.

String to bool: converts the value to a boolean.

  • Returns True if value is 'true', 'yes', 'on', '1'.
  • Returns False if value is 'false', 'no', 'off', or '0'.
  • Raises a ValueError otherwise.

The comparison is case-insensitive.

String to int: converts the value to an integer. Use the eval function if use_eval is True.

String to float: converts the value to a real. Use the eval function if use_eval is True.

String to stringlist: converts the value to a list of strings using the split function.

String to log_level: converts the value to a logging level.

  • Returns logging.DEBUG if value is 'debug'.
  • Returns logging.INFO if value is 'info'.
  • Returns logging.WARNING if value is 'warning'.
  • Returns logging.ERROR if value is 'error'.
  • Returns logging.CRITICAL if value is 'critical'.
  • Raises ValueError otherwise.

The comparison is case-insensitive.

String to np_fromfile The value is assumed to be the name of a binary file. It is converted to a numpy.ndarray using the numpy.fromfile function.

String to datetime: converts the value to a datetime.datetime instance using the datetime.strptime function.

Examples

>>> string_conversion('abc')
'abc'
>>> string_conversion('/usr/bin', to_type='path')
Path('/usr/bin')
>>> string_conversion('true', to_type='bool')
True
>>> string_conversion('On', to_type='bool')
True
>>> string_conversion('0', to_type='bool')
False
>>> string_conversion('-10', to_type='int')
-10
>>> string_conversion('3/2', to_type='float', use_eval=True)
1.5
>>> string_conversion('a   bc def   g hi', to_type='stringlist')
['a', 'bc', 'def', 'g', 'hi']
Expand source code
def string_conversion(value, to_type='string', **kwargs):
    """Converts a string to the given type.

    Parameters
    ----------
    value : string
        The string to convert.
    to_type : {'string', 'path', 'bool', 'int', 'float', 'stringlist', \
'log_level', 'np_fromfile', 'datetime'}, optional
        The conversion to use.
    **kwargs : dict
        Keyword arguments passed to the conversion function.
        See the details below.

    Other parameters
    ----------------
    use_eval : bool, optional
        For the **string to int** and **string to float** conversions:
        enables the use of the `eval` function (default: *False*).
    sep : str, optional
        For the **string to stringlist** conversion:
        delimiter for the `split` function (default: *None*).
    maxsplit : int, optional
        For the **string to stringlist** conversion:
        maximum number of splits for the `split` function (default: -1).
    dtype : data-type, optional
        For the **string to np_fromfile** conversion:
        data type of the returned array (default `float`).
    count : int, optional
        For the **string to np_fromfile** conversion:
        number of items to read (default -1).
    offset : int, optional
        For the **string to np_fromfile** conversion:
        the offset (in bytes) from the file's current position (default 0).
    convention : str, optional
        For the **string to datetime** conversion:
        format used in the `datetime.strptime` function
        (default: '%Y-%m-%d').
        Special cases are created for 'polyphemus_date'
        ('%Y-%m-%d'), 'polyphemus_datetime' ('%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M'),
        and 'ecmwf_datetime' ('%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ').

    Returns
    -------
    converted_value
        The converted string.

    Notes
    -----
    **String to string**: no conversion is performed, directly returns
    *value*.

    **String to path**: converts the value to a `path.Path` instance.

    **String to bool**: converts the value to a boolean.

    - Returns *True* if *value* is 'true', 'yes', 'on', '1'.
    - Returns *False* if *value* is 'false', 'no', 'off', or '0'.
    - Raises a `ValueError` otherwise.

    The comparison is case-insensitive.

    **String to int**: converts the value to an integer. Use the `eval`
    function if *use_eval* is True.

    **String to float**: converts the value to a real. Use the `eval`
    function if *use_eval* is True.

    **String to stringlist**: converts the value to a list of strings
    using the `split` function.

    **String to log_level**: converts the value to a `logging` level.

    - Returns `logging.DEBUG` if value is 'debug'.
    - Returns `logging.INFO` if value is 'info'.
    - Returns `logging.WARNING` if value is 'warning'.
    - Returns `logging.ERROR` if value is 'error'.
    - Returns `logging.CRITICAL` if value is 'critical'.
    - Raises `ValueError` otherwise.

    The comparison is case-insensitive.

    **String to np_fromfile** The value is assumed to be the name of
    a binary file. It is converted to a `numpy.ndarray` using the
    `numpy.fromfile` function.

    **String to datetime**: converts the value to a
    `datetime.datetime` instance using the `datetime.strptime` function.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> string_conversion('abc')
    'abc'
    >>> string_conversion('/usr/bin', to_type='path')
    Path('/usr/bin')
    >>> string_conversion('true', to_type='bool')
    True
    >>> string_conversion('On', to_type='bool')
    True
    >>> string_conversion('0', to_type='bool')
    False
    >>> string_conversion('-10', to_type='int')
    -10
    >>> string_conversion('3/2', to_type='float', use_eval=True)
    1.5
    >>> string_conversion('a   bc def   g hi', to_type='stringlist')
    ['a', 'bc', 'def', 'g', 'hi']
    """
    def string_to_string(value):
        return value

    def string_to_path(value):
        return Path(value)

    def string_to_bool(value):
        if value.lower() in ['true', 'yes', 'on', '1']:
            return True
        if value.lower() in ['false', 'no', 'off', '0']:
            return False
        return ValueError(f'"{value}" cannot be converted to bool')

    def string_to_int(value, use_eval=False):
        return int(eval(value)) if use_eval else int(value)  # pylint: disable=eval-used

    def string_to_float(value, use_eval=False):
        return float(eval(value)) if use_eval else float(value)  # pylint: disable=eval-used

    def string_to_stringlist(value, sep=None, maxsplit=-1):
        return value.split(sep, maxsplit)

    def string_to_log_level(value):
        levels = {
            'debug': DEBUG,
            'info': INFO,
            'warning': WARNING,
            'error': ERROR,
            'critical': CRITICAL
        }
        if value.lower() in levels:
            return levels[value.lower()]
        raise ValueError(f'"{value}" cannot be converted to logging level')

    def string_to_np_fromfile(value, dtype=float, count=-1, offset=0):
        return np.fromfile(value, dtype=dtype, count=count, offset=offset)

    def string_to_datetime(value, convention='%Y-%m-%d'):
        if convention.lower() in ['polyphemus_date']:
            convention = '%Y-%m-%d'
        elif convention.lower() in ['polyphemus_datetime']:
            convention = '%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M'
        elif convention.lower() in ['ecmwf_datetime']:
            convention = '%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ'
        return datetime.strptime(value, convention)

    conversions = {
        'string': string_to_string,
        'path': string_to_path,
        'bool': string_to_bool,
        'int': string_to_int,
        'float': string_to_float,
        'stringlist': string_to_stringlist,
        'log_level': string_to_log_level,
        'np_fromfile': string_to_np_fromfile,
        'datetime': string_to_datetime,
    }

    if to_type in conversions:
        return conversions[to_type](value, **kwargs)
    raise TypeError(f'unkown conversion "string to {to_type}"')

Classes

class CrossReferenceError (*args, **kwargs)

Exception class for cross-reference errors in config files.

Expand source code
class CrossReferenceError(Exception):
    """Exception class for cross-reference errors in config files."""

Ancestors

  • builtins.Exception
  • builtins.BaseException
class TreeConfigParser

Configuration parser class.

Attributes

tree : OrderedDict
The tree of options. Each element is either a TreeConfigParser instance (for a subsection) or directly a string (for an option).
Expand source code
class TreeConfigParser:
    """Configuration parser class.

    Attributes
    ----------
    tree : OrderedDict
        The tree of options. Each element is either a
        `TreeConfigParser` instance (for a subsection)
        or directly a string (for an option).
    """
    def __init__(self):
        self.tree = OrderedDict()

    def get(self, keylist, **kwargs):
        """Returns the option value.

        Uses the `string_conversion` function to convert the
        value to any type.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option.
        **kwargs : dict
            Keyword arguments passed to the `string_conversion`
            function.

        Returns
        -------
        value
            The option value, with the requested type.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
        ...            value='1', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'])
        '1'
        >>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
        ...            to_type='int')
        1
        """
        key = keylist[0]
        if len(keylist) > 1:
            return self.tree[key].get(keylist[1:], **kwargs)
        return string_conversion(self.tree[key], **kwargs)

    def set(self, keylist, value='', update_tree=False):
        """Sets an option value.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option.
        value : str, optional
            The new value for the option.
        update_tree : bool, optional
            If *True*, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

        Notes
        -----
        This method can only create new options. New sections can
        be created if they are necessary for a new option, but empty
        (sub)sections cannot be created.
        """
        key = keylist[0]
        if len(keylist) > 1:
            if update_tree and key not in self.tree:
                self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
            self.tree[key].set(keylist[1:], value, update_tree)
        else:
            self.tree[key] = value

    def options(self, keylist=None):
        """Returns the list of options.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the section for
            which we list the options (default: root).

        Returns
        -------
        option_list : odict_keys
            The list of options and subsections for the section.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
        ...            value='2', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
        ...            value='3', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option2', 'subsection11'])
        """
        if keylist:
            return self.tree[keylist[0]].options(keylist[1:])
        return self.tree.keys()

    def remove_option(self, keylist):
        """Removes an option.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option or
            subsection to remove.

        Notes
        -----
        After this option is removed, the parent section may
        be empty, but it is not removed.
        """
        key = keylist[0]
        if len(keylist) > 1:
            self.tree[key].remove_option(keylist[1:])
        else:
            del self.tree[key]

    def suboptions(self):
        """Returns the list of all (sub)options as keylists.

        Returns
        -------
        keylistlist : list of list of str
            The list of all available keylists.
            Each keylist identifies one option.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
        ...            value='2', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
        ...            value='3', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.suboptions()
        [['option1'], ['section1', 'option2'], \
['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3']]
        """
        keylistlist = []
        for key in self.tree:
            if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                for subkeylist in self.tree[key].suboptions():
                    keylistlist.append([key] + subkeylist)
            else:
                keylistlist.append([key])
        return keylistlist

    def merge(self, config, keylist=None, update_tree=False):
        """Merges an other configuration.

        The other configuration's options are inserted in
        the current tree, in a given section.

        Parameters
        ----------
        config : TreeConfigParser instance
            The other configuration.
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the section
            in which the other configuration should be
            merged (default: root).
        update_tree : bool, optional
            If *True*, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

        Notes
        -----
        Ensure that the section names of both configuration
        instances are compatible before merging. In case of
        conflict, the updated values are those of *config*.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'], value='2',
        ...            update_tree=True)
        >>> other = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> other.set(['option2'], value='3')
        >>> other.set(['option3'], value='3')
        >>> config.merge(other, keylist=['section1'])
        >>> config.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option2', 'option3'])
        >>> config.get(['section1', 'option2'])
        '3'
        """
        if keylist:
            key = keylist[0]
            if update_tree and key not in self.tree:
                self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
            self.tree[key].merge(config, keylist[1:], update_tree)
        else:
            for key in config.tree:
                if (key in self.tree
                        and isinstance(config.tree[key], TreeConfigParser)
                        and isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser)):
                    self.tree[key].merge(config.tree[key],
                                         update_tree=update_tree)
                elif isinstance(config.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
                    self.tree[key].merge(config.tree[key],
                                         update_tree=update_tree)
                else:
                    self.tree[key] = config.tree[key]

    def substitution(self, old_string, new_string, keylist=None):
        """Performs a string substitution.

        Replaces *old_string* by *new_string*. If *keylist*
        identifies an option, the substitution is applied
        only to that option. If *keylist* identifies a
        section, the substitution is applied to all
        options and subsections in that section.

        Uses the `str.replace` method.

        Parameters
        ----------
        old_string : str
            The old `str` pattern.
        new_string : str
            The new `str` pattern.
        keylist : list of str
            The list of names which identify the option
            or the section in which the substitution is applied
            (default: root).
        """
        if keylist:
            self.tree[keylist[0]].substitution(old_string, new_string,
                                               keylist[1:])
        else:
            for key in self.tree:
                if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    self.tree[key].substitution(old_string, new_string)
                else:
                    self.tree[key] = self.tree[key].replace(
                        old_string, new_string)

    def clone(self, keylist=None):
        """Return a copy of the (sub)configuration.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration
            to copy (default: root).

        Returns
        -------
        copy : TreeConfigParser instance
            The copy of the (sub)configuration.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
        ...            update_tree=True)
        >>> other = config.clone(keylist=['section1'])
        >>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
        >>> other.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option1'])
        """
        if keylist:
            return self.tree[keylist[0]].clone(keylist[1:])
        clone_cfg = TreeConfigParser()
        for key in self.tree:
            if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                clone_cfg.tree[key] = self.tree[key].clone()
            else:
                clone_cfg.tree[key] = self.tree[key]
        return clone_cfg

    def subconfig(self, keylist=None):
        """Return a reference to the (sub)configuration.

        Parameters
        ----------
        keylist : list of str, optional
            The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration
            to reference (default: root).

        Returns
        -------
        copy : TreeConfigParser instance
            The reference to the (sub)configuration.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
        ...            update_tree=True)
        >>> other = config.subconfig(keylist=['section1'])
        >>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
        >>> other.options()
        odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
        >>> config.options(['section1'])
        odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
        """
        if keylist:
            return self.tree[keylist[0]].subconfig(keylist[1:])
        return self

    # pylint: disable=too-many-arguments,too-many-locals,too-many-statements
    def read_file(self,
                  file_name,
                  convention='py',
                  comment_char='#',
                  reference_char='%',
                  indentation=4):
        """Reads and parses *file_name*.

        This is the main method of the class.
        The options are inserted in the current tree.

        Parameters
        ----------
        file_name : str
            The name of the file to parse.
        convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
            The format of the file.
        comment_char : str, optional
            The character used to delimit comments in the file.
        reference_char : str, optional
            The character used to delimit cross-references
            in the file.
        indentation : int, optional
            The indentation used to add suboptions or
            subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.

        Raises
        ------
        CrossReferenceError
            If the cross-references cannot be solved.
        """
        def is_tree_node(line):
            line = line.strip()
            return len(line) > 2 and line[0] == '[' and line[-1] == ']'

        def update_keylist(keylist, depth, indentation):
            if depth % indentation:
                raise IndentationError(line)
            depth = depth // indentation
            if depth > len(keylist):
                raise IndentationError(line)
            return keylist[:depth]

        def extract_tree_node(keylist, line, indentation):
            key = line.strip()[1:-1]
            keylist = update_keylist(keylist, line.find(key) - 1, indentation)
            return keylist + [key]

        def extract_tree_leaf_py(keylist, line, indentation):
            if '=' in line:
                split = line.split('=', 1)
                key = split[0].strip()
                value = split[1].strip()
            else:
                key = line.strip()
                value = ''
            keylist = update_keylist(keylist, line.find(key), indentation)
            self.set(keylist + [key], value, update_tree=True)
            return keylist

        def extract_tree_leaf_cpp(line):
            if '=' in line:
                split = line.split('=', 1)
                key = split[0].strip()
                value = split[1].strip()
            else:
                key = line.strip()
                value = ''
            keylist = key.split('.')
            self.set(keylist, value, update_tree=True)

        def read_line_py(line, keylist, comment_char, indentation):
            line = line.split(comment_char)[0]
            if not line or line.isspace():
                return keylist
            if is_tree_node(line):
                return extract_tree_node(keylist, line, indentation)
            return extract_tree_leaf_py(keylist, line, indentation)

        def read_line_cpp(line, comment_char):
            line = line.split(comment_char)[0].strip()
            if line and not line.isspace():
                extract_tree_leaf_cpp(line)

        def has_reference(value, reference_char):
            return len(value) > 2 and reference_char in value

        def extract_references(value, reference_char):
            return [
                ref for (i, ref) in enumerate(value.split(reference_char))
                if ref and i % 2
            ]

        def solve_references_string(value, max_rec, reference_char):
            if not has_reference(value, reference_char):
                return value
            if max_rec == 0:
                raise CrossReferenceError
            reflist = extract_references(value, reference_char)
            for ref in reflist:
                keylist = ref.split('.')
                subvalue = solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec - 1,
                                                    reference_char)
                value = value.replace(reference_char + ref + reference_char,
                                      subvalue)
            return value

        def solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec, reference_char):
            value = self.get(keylist)
            value = solve_references_string(value, max_rec, reference_char)
            self.set(keylist, value, update_tree=False)
            return value

        # read and parse file content
        lines = Path(file_name).lines(retain=False)
        if convention == 'py':
            keylist = []
            for line in lines:
                keylist = read_line_py(line, keylist, comment_char,
                                       indentation)
        elif convention == 'cpp':
            for line in lines:
                read_line_cpp(line, comment_char)

        # solve references
        keylistlist = self.suboptions()
        max_rec = len(keylistlist) - 1
        for keylist in keylistlist:
            solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec, reference_char)

    def tofile(self, file_name, convention='py', indentation=4):
        """Writes the configuration options to a file.

        Once written, the file can be read and parsed by an other
        `TreeConfigParser` instance.

        Parameters
        ----------
        file_name : str
            The name of the file to write.
        convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
            The format of the file.
        indentation : int, optional
            The indentation used to add suboptions or
            subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.
        """
        def write_tree_node_line_py(depth, indentation, key):
            return [' ' * depth * indentation + f'[{key}]']

        def write_tree_leaf_line_py(depth, indentation, key, value):
            return [' ' * depth * indentation + f'{key} = {value}']

        def write_tree_leaf_line_cpp(keylist, value):
            return ['.'.join(keylist) + f' = {value}']

        def write_tree_py(tree, depth, indentation):
            lines = []
            for key in tree:
                if isinstance(tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_node_line_py(depth, indentation, key))
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_py(tree[key].tree, depth + 1, indentation))
                else:
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_leaf_line_py(depth, indentation, key,
                                                tree[key]))
            return lines

        def write_tree_cpp(tree, keylist):
            lines = []
            for key in tree:
                if isinstance(tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_cpp(tree[key].tree, keylist + [key]))
                else:
                    lines.extend(
                        write_tree_leaf_line_cpp(keylist + [key], tree[key]))
            return lines

        # write lines
        if convention == 'py':
            lines = write_tree_py(self.tree, 0, indentation)
        elif convention == 'cpp':
            lines = write_tree_cpp(self.tree, [])
        Path(file_name).write_lines(lines)

Methods

def clone(self, keylist=None)

Return a copy of the (sub)configuration.

Parameters

keylist : list of str, optional
The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration to copy (default: root).

Returns

copy : TreeConfigParser instance
The copy of the (sub)configuration.

Examples

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
...            update_tree=True)
>>> other = config.clone(keylist=['section1'])
>>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
>>> other.options()
odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
>>> config.options(['section1'])
odict_keys(['option1'])
Expand source code
def clone(self, keylist=None):
    """Return a copy of the (sub)configuration.

    Parameters
    ----------
    keylist : list of str, optional
        The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration
        to copy (default: root).

    Returns
    -------
    copy : TreeConfigParser instance
        The copy of the (sub)configuration.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
    >>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
    ...            update_tree=True)
    >>> other = config.clone(keylist=['section1'])
    >>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
    >>> other.options()
    odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
    >>> config.options(['section1'])
    odict_keys(['option1'])
    """
    if keylist:
        return self.tree[keylist[0]].clone(keylist[1:])
    clone_cfg = TreeConfigParser()
    for key in self.tree:
        if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
            clone_cfg.tree[key] = self.tree[key].clone()
        else:
            clone_cfg.tree[key] = self.tree[key]
    return clone_cfg
def get(self, keylist, **kwargs)

Returns the option value.

Uses the string_conversion() function to convert the value to any type.

Parameters

keylist : list of str
The list of names which identify the option.
**kwargs : dict
Keyword arguments passed to the string_conversion() function.

Returns

value
The option value, with the requested type.

Examples

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
...            value='1', update_tree=True)
>>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'])
'1'
>>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
...            to_type='int')
1
Expand source code
def get(self, keylist, **kwargs):
    """Returns the option value.

    Uses the `string_conversion` function to convert the
    value to any type.

    Parameters
    ----------
    keylist : list of str
        The list of names which identify the option.
    **kwargs : dict
        Keyword arguments passed to the `string_conversion`
        function.

    Returns
    -------
    value
        The option value, with the requested type.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
    >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
    ...            value='1', update_tree=True)
    >>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'])
    '1'
    >>> config.get(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option1'],
    ...            to_type='int')
    1
    """
    key = keylist[0]
    if len(keylist) > 1:
        return self.tree[key].get(keylist[1:], **kwargs)
    return string_conversion(self.tree[key], **kwargs)
def merge(self, config, keylist=None, update_tree=False)

Merges an other configuration.

The other configuration's options are inserted in the current tree, in a given section.

Parameters

config : TreeConfigParser instance
The other configuration.
keylist : list of str, optional
The list of names which identify the section in which the other configuration should be merged (default: root).
update_tree : bool, optional
If True, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

Notes

Ensure that the section names of both configuration instances are compatible before merging. In case of conflict, the updated values are those of config.

Examples

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
>>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'], value='2',
...            update_tree=True)
>>> other = TreeConfigParser()
>>> other.set(['option2'], value='3')
>>> other.set(['option3'], value='3')
>>> config.merge(other, keylist=['section1'])
>>> config.options()
odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
>>> config.options(['section1'])
odict_keys(['option2', 'option3'])
>>> config.get(['section1', 'option2'])
'3'
Expand source code
def merge(self, config, keylist=None, update_tree=False):
    """Merges an other configuration.

    The other configuration's options are inserted in
    the current tree, in a given section.

    Parameters
    ----------
    config : TreeConfigParser instance
        The other configuration.
    keylist : list of str, optional
        The list of names which identify the section
        in which the other configuration should be
        merged (default: root).
    update_tree : bool, optional
        If *True*, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

    Notes
    -----
    Ensure that the section names of both configuration
    instances are compatible before merging. In case of
    conflict, the updated values are those of *config*.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
    >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
    >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'], value='2',
    ...            update_tree=True)
    >>> other = TreeConfigParser()
    >>> other.set(['option2'], value='3')
    >>> other.set(['option3'], value='3')
    >>> config.merge(other, keylist=['section1'])
    >>> config.options()
    odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
    >>> config.options(['section1'])
    odict_keys(['option2', 'option3'])
    >>> config.get(['section1', 'option2'])
    '3'
    """
    if keylist:
        key = keylist[0]
        if update_tree and key not in self.tree:
            self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
        self.tree[key].merge(config, keylist[1:], update_tree)
    else:
        for key in config.tree:
            if (key in self.tree
                    and isinstance(config.tree[key], TreeConfigParser)
                    and isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser)):
                self.tree[key].merge(config.tree[key],
                                     update_tree=update_tree)
            elif isinstance(config.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
                self.tree[key].merge(config.tree[key],
                                     update_tree=update_tree)
            else:
                self.tree[key] = config.tree[key]
def options(self, keylist=None)

Returns the list of options.

Parameters

keylist : list of str, optional
The list of names which identify the section for which we list the options (default: root).

Returns

option_list : odict_keys
The list of options and subsections for the section.

Examples

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
>>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
...            value='2', update_tree=True)
>>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
...            value='3', update_tree=True)
>>> config.options()
odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
>>> config.options(['section1'])
odict_keys(['option2', 'subsection11'])
Expand source code
def options(self, keylist=None):
    """Returns the list of options.

    Parameters
    ----------
    keylist : list of str, optional
        The list of names which identify the section for
        which we list the options (default: root).

    Returns
    -------
    option_list : odict_keys
        The list of options and subsections for the section.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
    >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
    >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
    ...            value='2', update_tree=True)
    >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
    ...            value='3', update_tree=True)
    >>> config.options()
    odict_keys(['option1', 'section1'])
    >>> config.options(['section1'])
    odict_keys(['option2', 'subsection11'])
    """
    if keylist:
        return self.tree[keylist[0]].options(keylist[1:])
    return self.tree.keys()
def read_file(self, file_name, convention='py', comment_char='#', reference_char='%', indentation=4)

Reads and parses file_name.

This is the main method of the class. The options are inserted in the current tree.

Parameters

file_name : str
The name of the file to parse.
convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
The format of the file.
comment_char : str, optional
The character used to delimit comments in the file.
reference_char : str, optional
The character used to delimit cross-references in the file.
indentation : int, optional
The indentation used to add suboptions or subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.

Raises

CrossReferenceError
If the cross-references cannot be solved.
Expand source code
def read_file(self,
              file_name,
              convention='py',
              comment_char='#',
              reference_char='%',
              indentation=4):
    """Reads and parses *file_name*.

    This is the main method of the class.
    The options are inserted in the current tree.

    Parameters
    ----------
    file_name : str
        The name of the file to parse.
    convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
        The format of the file.
    comment_char : str, optional
        The character used to delimit comments in the file.
    reference_char : str, optional
        The character used to delimit cross-references
        in the file.
    indentation : int, optional
        The indentation used to add suboptions or
        subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.

    Raises
    ------
    CrossReferenceError
        If the cross-references cannot be solved.
    """
    def is_tree_node(line):
        line = line.strip()
        return len(line) > 2 and line[0] == '[' and line[-1] == ']'

    def update_keylist(keylist, depth, indentation):
        if depth % indentation:
            raise IndentationError(line)
        depth = depth // indentation
        if depth > len(keylist):
            raise IndentationError(line)
        return keylist[:depth]

    def extract_tree_node(keylist, line, indentation):
        key = line.strip()[1:-1]
        keylist = update_keylist(keylist, line.find(key) - 1, indentation)
        return keylist + [key]

    def extract_tree_leaf_py(keylist, line, indentation):
        if '=' in line:
            split = line.split('=', 1)
            key = split[0].strip()
            value = split[1].strip()
        else:
            key = line.strip()
            value = ''
        keylist = update_keylist(keylist, line.find(key), indentation)
        self.set(keylist + [key], value, update_tree=True)
        return keylist

    def extract_tree_leaf_cpp(line):
        if '=' in line:
            split = line.split('=', 1)
            key = split[0].strip()
            value = split[1].strip()
        else:
            key = line.strip()
            value = ''
        keylist = key.split('.')
        self.set(keylist, value, update_tree=True)

    def read_line_py(line, keylist, comment_char, indentation):
        line = line.split(comment_char)[0]
        if not line or line.isspace():
            return keylist
        if is_tree_node(line):
            return extract_tree_node(keylist, line, indentation)
        return extract_tree_leaf_py(keylist, line, indentation)

    def read_line_cpp(line, comment_char):
        line = line.split(comment_char)[0].strip()
        if line and not line.isspace():
            extract_tree_leaf_cpp(line)

    def has_reference(value, reference_char):
        return len(value) > 2 and reference_char in value

    def extract_references(value, reference_char):
        return [
            ref for (i, ref) in enumerate(value.split(reference_char))
            if ref and i % 2
        ]

    def solve_references_string(value, max_rec, reference_char):
        if not has_reference(value, reference_char):
            return value
        if max_rec == 0:
            raise CrossReferenceError
        reflist = extract_references(value, reference_char)
        for ref in reflist:
            keylist = ref.split('.')
            subvalue = solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec - 1,
                                                reference_char)
            value = value.replace(reference_char + ref + reference_char,
                                  subvalue)
        return value

    def solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec, reference_char):
        value = self.get(keylist)
        value = solve_references_string(value, max_rec, reference_char)
        self.set(keylist, value, update_tree=False)
        return value

    # read and parse file content
    lines = Path(file_name).lines(retain=False)
    if convention == 'py':
        keylist = []
        for line in lines:
            keylist = read_line_py(line, keylist, comment_char,
                                   indentation)
    elif convention == 'cpp':
        for line in lines:
            read_line_cpp(line, comment_char)

    # solve references
    keylistlist = self.suboptions()
    max_rec = len(keylistlist) - 1
    for keylist in keylistlist:
        solve_references_keylist(keylist, max_rec, reference_char)
def remove_option(self, keylist)

Removes an option.

Parameters

keylist : list of str
The list of names which identify the option or subsection to remove.

Notes

After this option is removed, the parent section may be empty, but it is not removed.

Expand source code
def remove_option(self, keylist):
    """Removes an option.

    Parameters
    ----------
    keylist : list of str
        The list of names which identify the option or
        subsection to remove.

    Notes
    -----
    After this option is removed, the parent section may
    be empty, but it is not removed.
    """
    key = keylist[0]
    if len(keylist) > 1:
        self.tree[key].remove_option(keylist[1:])
    else:
        del self.tree[key]
def set(self, keylist, value='', update_tree=False)

Sets an option value.

Parameters

keylist : list of str
The list of names which identify the option.
value : str, optional
The new value for the option.
update_tree : bool, optional
If True, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

Notes

This method can only create new options. New sections can be created if they are necessary for a new option, but empty (sub)sections cannot be created.

Expand source code
def set(self, keylist, value='', update_tree=False):
    """Sets an option value.

    Parameters
    ----------
    keylist : list of str
        The list of names which identify the option.
    value : str, optional
        The new value for the option.
    update_tree : bool, optional
        If *True*, new (sub)sections are created if necessary.

    Notes
    -----
    This method can only create new options. New sections can
    be created if they are necessary for a new option, but empty
    (sub)sections cannot be created.
    """
    key = keylist[0]
    if len(keylist) > 1:
        if update_tree and key not in self.tree:
            self.tree[key] = TreeConfigParser()
        self.tree[key].set(keylist[1:], value, update_tree)
    else:
        self.tree[key] = value
def subconfig(self, keylist=None)

Return a reference to the (sub)configuration.

Parameters

keylist : list of str, optional
The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration to reference (default: root).

Returns

copy : TreeConfigParser instance
The reference to the (sub)configuration.

Examples

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
...            update_tree=True)
>>> other = config.subconfig(keylist=['section1'])
>>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
>>> other.options()
odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
>>> config.options(['section1'])
odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
Expand source code
def subconfig(self, keylist=None):
    """Return a reference to the (sub)configuration.

    Parameters
    ----------
    keylist : list of str, optional
        The list of names which identify the (sub)configuration
        to reference (default: root).

    Returns
    -------
    copy : TreeConfigParser instance
        The reference to the (sub)configuration.

    Examples
    --------
    >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
    >>> config.set(['section1', 'option1'], value='1',
    ...            update_tree=True)
    >>> other = config.subconfig(keylist=['section1'])
    >>> other.set(['option2'], value='2')
    >>> other.options()
    odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
    >>> config.options(['section1'])
    odict_keys(['option1', 'option2'])
    """
    if keylist:
        return self.tree[keylist[0]].subconfig(keylist[1:])
    return self
def suboptions(self)

Returns the list of all (sub)options as keylists.

Returns

keylistlist : list of list of str
The list of all available keylists. Each keylist identifies one option.

Examples

>>> config = TreeConfigParser()
>>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
>>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
...            value='2', update_tree=True)
>>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
...            value='3', update_tree=True)
>>> config.suboptions()
[['option1'], ['section1', 'option2'], ['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3']]
Expand source code
    def suboptions(self):
        """Returns the list of all (sub)options as keylists.

        Returns
        -------
        keylistlist : list of list of str
            The list of all available keylists.
            Each keylist identifies one option.

        Examples
        --------
        >>> config = TreeConfigParser()
        >>> config.set(['option1'], value='1')
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'option2'],
        ...            value='2', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.set(['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3'],
        ...            value='3', update_tree=True)
        >>> config.suboptions()
        [['option1'], ['section1', 'option2'], \
['section1', 'subsection11', 'option3']]
        """
        keylistlist = []
        for key in self.tree:
            if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                for subkeylist in self.tree[key].suboptions():
                    keylistlist.append([key] + subkeylist)
            else:
                keylistlist.append([key])
        return keylistlist
def substitution(self, old_string, new_string, keylist=None)

Performs a string substitution.

Replaces old_string by new_string. If keylist identifies an option, the substitution is applied only to that option. If keylist identifies a section, the substitution is applied to all options and subsections in that section.

Uses the str.replace method.

Parameters

old_string : str
The old str pattern.
new_string : str
The new str pattern.
keylist : list of str
The list of names which identify the option or the section in which the substitution is applied (default: root).
Expand source code
def substitution(self, old_string, new_string, keylist=None):
    """Performs a string substitution.

    Replaces *old_string* by *new_string*. If *keylist*
    identifies an option, the substitution is applied
    only to that option. If *keylist* identifies a
    section, the substitution is applied to all
    options and subsections in that section.

    Uses the `str.replace` method.

    Parameters
    ----------
    old_string : str
        The old `str` pattern.
    new_string : str
        The new `str` pattern.
    keylist : list of str
        The list of names which identify the option
        or the section in which the substitution is applied
        (default: root).
    """
    if keylist:
        self.tree[keylist[0]].substitution(old_string, new_string,
                                           keylist[1:])
    else:
        for key in self.tree:
            if isinstance(self.tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                self.tree[key].substitution(old_string, new_string)
            else:
                self.tree[key] = self.tree[key].replace(
                    old_string, new_string)
def tofile(self, file_name, convention='py', indentation=4)

Writes the configuration options to a file.

Once written, the file can be read and parsed by an other TreeConfigParser instance.

Parameters

file_name : str
The name of the file to write.
convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
The format of the file.
indentation : int, optional
The indentation used to add suboptions or subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.
Expand source code
def tofile(self, file_name, convention='py', indentation=4):
    """Writes the configuration options to a file.

    Once written, the file can be read and parsed by an other
    `TreeConfigParser` instance.

    Parameters
    ----------
    file_name : str
        The name of the file to write.
    convention : {'py', 'cpp'}, optional
        The format of the file.
    indentation : int, optional
        The indentation used to add suboptions or
        subsections in the file when using the 'py' format.
    """
    def write_tree_node_line_py(depth, indentation, key):
        return [' ' * depth * indentation + f'[{key}]']

    def write_tree_leaf_line_py(depth, indentation, key, value):
        return [' ' * depth * indentation + f'{key} = {value}']

    def write_tree_leaf_line_cpp(keylist, value):
        return ['.'.join(keylist) + f' = {value}']

    def write_tree_py(tree, depth, indentation):
        lines = []
        for key in tree:
            if isinstance(tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                lines.extend(
                    write_tree_node_line_py(depth, indentation, key))
                lines.extend(
                    write_tree_py(tree[key].tree, depth + 1, indentation))
            else:
                lines.extend(
                    write_tree_leaf_line_py(depth, indentation, key,
                                            tree[key]))
        return lines

    def write_tree_cpp(tree, keylist):
        lines = []
        for key in tree:
            if isinstance(tree[key], TreeConfigParser):
                lines.extend(
                    write_tree_cpp(tree[key].tree, keylist + [key]))
            else:
                lines.extend(
                    write_tree_leaf_line_cpp(keylist + [key], tree[key]))
        return lines

    # write lines
    if convention == 'py':
        lines = write_tree_py(self.tree, 0, indentation)
    elif convention == 'cpp':
        lines = write_tree_cpp(self.tree, [])
    Path(file_name).write_lines(lines)